We studied the published guidelines and recommendations for the management of the difficult airway (DA); furthermore, we reviewed the current literature with emphasis on teaching and training of airway management (AM) techniques. Based on these reviews and available evidence, we generated these recommendations in order to assist the Austrian anesthesia community in formulating departmental directives. The nationwide implementation of structured teaching and training programs for anesthesia residents with a stepwise approach from basic practices to advanced AM techniques providing initial training on airway models and then dedicated airway rotations in anesthetic practice followed by regular training throughout the remainder of their residency training and the provision of continued training of advanced AM techniques for all staff anesthestetists may improve patient care and prevent adverse outcomes associated with DA management.
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